Many challenges confront our world today, from effects of global warming to poverty, food security, plastic pollution and pollutions of all kinds, outrageous diseases, cyber security issues and many more with negative impacts of various kinds on our world. But pioneering these global challenges and therefore having the greatest impact is the problem of terrorism. Terrorism is not universally defined but can be broadly defined as a deliberate attack on innocent civilians and vulnerable people in countries or communities aimed at pursuing a political agenda. At times, terrorism is an attack on important government installations. It is also “a premediated violence, perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational or tarns national groups or clandestine agents usually intended to influence an audience” (Kegley 2009, 205).
The impact of terrorism upon the world security is very huge as there exists many groups of the sort who employ popular techniques which include; kidnapping, hijacking, hostage taking, assaults, bombing and now cyber techniques (with the use of the internet). Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Al Shaba, Boko Haram, Lords Resistant Army, The Islamic States of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS) are among the worlds terrorism groups that possess the greatest threat to the world today causing various damages to life and properties like any other global threat, but in an outrageous manner as compared to other world security issues like global warming.
Talk of the September 11, 2001 (often called 9/11) attack on the world trade center in the United States killing more than 3000 people. It is recorded that Al Qaeda caused 1,349 deaths and over 2000 injuries in 2016 alone, ISIL or ISIS caused 9,132 deaths, Boko Haram caused 1,079 deaths in the same year. Terrorists activities in the world estimated 15% of property destruction and 81% deaths (IEP). With its greatest impact on the world economy, global cost of violence in 2016 was estimated US14billion, 2.6 percent of global GDP.
It is therefore obvious that, terrorism facilitates the trivialities of other global threats, after all, terrorist associated activities like nuclear weapon engagement (Nuclear Terrorism) contribute to global warming and a subsequent economic down turn. As said by President Obama, “Nuclear terrorist attack would change our world”. In deed “this war on terrorism is going to take a while” – George Walker Bush. This statement as made by the Former President of United States, confirms how terrorism remains the greatest threat to world security, indicating how the fight against it will take a long time.
Goldstein and Jon Pevehouse (2013-2014) International Relations, Pearson Longman: USA
Institute for Economics and Peace Publication (2017) Global terrorism Index,
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The BBC Nuclear Security Summit (2016) Report
Trevor C. Salmon and Mark F. Imber Issues in International Relations 2nd Edition